{:en}GOSSIP ACCOUNT: FREEDOM OF EXCESSIVE{:}{:id}AKUN GOSIP: KEBEBASAN YANG KEBABLASAN{:}

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In today’s era of social media, freedom of person is no longer there to limit “excessive”. Gossip becomes a trend or a new entity as the development of social media and is in great demand by netizens (the term social media users). Many accounts of gossip scattered in various social media platforms such facebook, twitter, and instagram. These accounts have millions of followers through post-post flicked, fishing speculation, even led to the opinion. Only in one post, a person’s career can be destroyed instantly. The information is still unclear the truth became a byword netizen in the comments field and often quarrel among netizens related especially sensitive issue as political and SARA. Netizens did not hesitate to pour all of sharp criticism against the public figure who became the gossip account postings can be a libel even without thinking about how you are feeling, psychic, and all the consequences that can occur on “materials that preached” is. So whether your account and netizens commented gossip can be convicted? Who can report them?

Pursuant to Article 27 paragraph (3) of the UU ITE, every person intentionally and without right to distribute and / or transmitting and / or make the inaccessibility of Electronic Information and / or Electronic Documents which have a charge of insult and / or defamation. Criminal sanctions for those who violate Article 27 paragraph (3) This is the imprisonment of 4 (four) years and / or a fine of Rp750.000.000,00 (seven hundred and fifty million rupiah). While the wording of Article 28 paragraph (2) of the UU ITE, every person intentionally and without right to disseminate information intended to cause hatred or hostility individual and / or a particular group of people based on ethnicity, religion, race and intergroup (SARA). Criminal sanctions for violators of Article 28 paragraph (2) of the EIT Law is imprisonment for a period of 6 (six) years and / or a fine of 1,000,000,000.00 (one billion rupiah). The provisions of Article 27 paragraph (3) of the EIT is to a complaint because it has been explicitly mentioned in Law 19 of 2016 on the Amendment of Act No. 11 of 2008 on Information and Electronic Transactions, and refer to the provisions of insult or defamation regulated in the Criminal Justice Act ( “Penal Code”), which are clearly stipulated in the Criminal Code that defamation is a complaint-based offense. So anyone who feels his name has been discredited on account posting gossip and comments of netizens can report on violation of Article 27 paragraph (3) of the UU ITE. Everyone has the right to personal freedom should be protected as stipulated in Law No. 39/1999 on Human Rights (Human Rights Act). The provisions of Article 21 of the UU HAM, everyone is entitled to personal integrity, spiritual or temporal, and therefore can not be the object of research without her consent. Often also posted the gossip account public figure who converted to the faith, giving rise to the pros and cons in the comments field in a language that can hurt other people. Whereas the right of every person to freely embrace their religion and to worship according to his religion and his belief that as stipulated in the UUD NRI 1945. and therefore can not be the object of research without her consent. Often also posted the gossip account public figure who converted to the faith, giving rise to the pros and cons in the comments field in a language that can hurt other people. Whereas the right of every person to freely embrace their religion and to worship according to his religion and his belief that as stipulated in the UUD NRI 1945 and therefore can not be the object of research without her consent. Often also posted the gossip account public figure who converted to the faith, giving rise to the pros and cons in the comments field in a language that can hurt other people. Whereas the right of every person to freely embrace their religion and to worship according to his religion and his belief that as stipulated in the UUD NRI 1945.

Perhaps the proverb mulutmu harimaumu is not relevant in the present era as the more dangerous is jarimu harimaumu and bars could be waiting for you if not careful in social media. The accounts of gossip that has millions of followers may be able to use it wisely to provide a positive influence to the younger generation. Not to shape the character of backbiting is a common thing for the next generation.

Salam KJD!!

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Di era media sosial sekarang ini, kebebasan seseorang tidak lagi ada batas hingga “kebablasan”. Gosip menjadi tren atau entitas baru seiring semakin berkembangnya media sosial dan sangat diminati oleh para netizen (sebutan pengguna media sosial). Banyak akun-akun gosip bertebaran di berbagai platform media sosial baik facebook, twitter, maupun instagram. Akun-akun ini memiliki jutaan pengikutnya lewat postingan-postingan yang menyentil, memancing spekulasi, bahkan menggiring opini. Hanya dalam satu postingan, karir seseorang dapat hancur seketika. Informasi yang masih belum jelas kebenarannya pun menjadi buah bibir netizen di kolom komentar bahkan seringkali terjadi pertengkaran antara sesama netizen apalagi terkait isu yang sangat sensitif seperti politik dan SARA. Netizen tak segan-segan menuangkan semua kritikan tajam terhadap para publik figur yang menjadi postingan akun gosip tersebut bahkan dapat menjadi fitnah tanpa memikirkan bagaimana perasaan, psikis, dan segala akibat yang dapat terjadi atas “bahan yang diberitakan” tersebut. Lalu apakah akun gosip dan netizen yang berkomentar ini dapat dipidana? Siapakah yang dapat melaporkan mereka?

Berdasarkan Pasal 27 ayat (3) UU ITE, setiap orang dengan sengaja dan tanpa hak mendistribusikan dan/atau mentransmisikan dan/atau membuat dapat diaksesnya Informasi Elektronik dan/atau Dokumen Elektronik yang memiliki muatan penghinaan dan/atau pencemaran nama baik. Ancaman pidana bagi orang yang melanggar Pasal 27 ayat (3) ini adalah pidana penjara paling lama 4 (empat) tahun dan/atau denda paling banyak Rp750.000.000,00 (tujuh ratus lima puluh juta rupiah). Sedangkan bunyi Pasal 28 ayat (2) UU ITE, setiap orang dengan sengaja dan tanpa hak menyebarkan informasi yang ditujukan untuk menimbulkan rasa kebencian atau permusuhan individu dan/atau kelompok masyarakat tertentu berdasarkan atas suku, agama, ras, dan antargolongan (SARA). Ancaman pidana bagi pelanggar Pasal 28 ayat (2) UU ITE tersebut adalah pidana penjara paling lama 6 (enam) tahun dan/atau denda paling banyak Rp1.000.000.000,00 (satu miliar rupiah). Ketentuan Pasal 27 ayat (3) UU ITE merupakan delik aduan karena telah disebutkan secara jelas dalam UU 19 Tahun 2016 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2008 Tentang Informasi Dan Transaksi Elektronik serta mengacu pada ketentuan penghinaan atau pencemaran nama baik yang diatur dalam Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana (“KUHP”), dimana dalam KUHP diatur dengan tegas bahwa penghinaan merupakan delik aduan. Sehingga siapapun yang merasa namanya telah dicemarkan atas postingan akun gosip dan komentar-komentar para netizen dapat melaporkan atas pelanggaran Pasal 27 ayat (3) UU ITE tersebut. Setiap orang memiliki hak kebebasan pribadi yang harusnya dilindungi sebagaimana diatur dalam UU Nomor 39/1999 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia (UU HAM). Ketentuan Pasal 21 UU HAM, setiap orang berhak atas keutuhan pribadi, baik rohani maupun jasmani, dan karena itu tidak boleh menjadi obyek penelitian tanpa persetujuan darinya. Seringkali pula akun  gosip memposting para publik figur yang berpindah keyakinan sehingga menimbulkan pro dan kontra di kolom komentar dengan bahasa yang dapat melukai umat lainnya. Padahal merupakan hak setiap orang untuk bebas memeluk agamanya masing-masing dan untuk beribadat menurut agamanya dan kepercayaannya itu sebagaimana diatur dalam UUD NRI 1945.

Mungkin pepatah mulutmu harimaumu sudah tidak relevan di era sekarang karena yang lebih berbahaya adalah jarimu harimaumu dan jeruji besi bisa saja menantimu apabila tidak berhati-hati dalam bersosial media. Akun-akun gosip yang memiliki followers berjuta-juta semoga lebih bisa mempergunakan secara bijak dengan memberikan pengaruh positif kepada generasi muda. Jangan sampai membentuk karakter menggunjing merupakan hal lumrah bagi generasi penerus bangsa.

Salam KJD!!{:}

Admin C

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